Subway, your good friend Renato has normally many other things to do, than to answer to all the suppositions and speculations made from posters who never where in Africa, Kenya, Eldoret, Iten and never knew personally top athletes and top coaches.
I remain in two cases only, cases that I know.
We well know Kitwara was not ready for pacing in Berlin, but probably his manager pushed him to run because the economical Agreement could be interesting, and nobody really in touch with the organizer had the clue about his shape.
Kitwara doesn't have any coach. In his training group, he never was able to train well, having from long time health problems.
He went (not only one time) to different doctors in Eldoret Hospital, and they certified problems of asthma and allergy.
If Kitwara had one of the top managements, probably could have the advice to ask for a TUE ; instead, he didn't do, took the medicine, and at the end honestly admitted he was wrong.
But really somebody can think that an athlete like Kitwara can look for doping himself for something that REDUCES THE TRANSPORT OF OXYGEN ?
One of the reasons that make me upset is that NOBODY here, when we speak about Kenyans, accepts the idea that it's possible to have a lot of mistakes, due to specific ignorance of athletes and doctors and pharmacists of the substances that are in the medicines, where small quantities of steroids can be found.
If athletes are from US or UK, it's possible to think that there are mistakes in the whereabouts (in a Country where everybody has the most advanced technology) or casual assumptions for a lot of different reasons ; but if you are a Kenyan with very low level of education, not knowing modern technology (apart mobiles that everybody has), not having a prepared manager (the most part of the athletes have small managers not expert about many situations regarding the international activity), for the posters is not possible any mistake…..
We have to distinguish among athletes OF SURE GUILTY (for example Rita Jeptoo, Jemima Sumgong, Kipyegon Bett, Ruth Jebet…) and athletes who can easy do something wrong because of their level, that for Kenyans is not professional, and the local situations regarding medicines.
When some athlete is positive for EPO, there are not excuses : this substance is not in some other medicine, and who has EPO in his body is because VOLUNTARY took the substance.
But when we read about some steroid (which we can find in a lot of medicine coming from India, China, and generally Asia, where there is not the must to write ALL the components, and if a medicine is doping or not, like in Europe where there is a specific stamp on the package in case of every component part of the list of illegal substances from WADA), in the most part of cases we need to look at mistakes due to ignorance, and not at attempts to enhance the performances.
I already explained several times, but of course posters here think that all the World is like US or Europe.
1) In ALL AFRICA the quantity of medicines is very much inferior to the real needs.
2) For that reason, if there is a medical prescription of, for example, 7 tablets (once per day) in a package containing 10 tablets, the pharmacists removes from the package 7 tablets only, giving in a piece of paper without any info about the composition and the posology.
3) Athletes who in every other Country can be considered "professional", in Kenya are FARMERS of HOUSEWIVES able running 2:10 or 2:30, and when are sick (this happens frequently in Africa) go to the hospital like NORMAL PERSON, not like athletes.
James Kibet is another example, and I can give in this case a precise picture of the situation (according to him) because I spoke with him directly, since he is the elder brother of one athlete of my group (Bryan Limo) and of Yasemin Can.
He was positive for Norandrosterone, in a test in competition in Italy (a race of 10 km on road). He had cough before going Italy, and took a supplement made in US for enhancing the immunitary system (this was what doctors explained him).
In that supplement, there was Norandrosterone.
I want to give you some picture about the different situation in US and Europe, and the list of WADA.
Look at the following infos :
“Conversion of 4- Norandrostenedione 4- Norandrostenediol and 5- Norandrostenediol to Nandrolone in Human Subjects” W. Schänzer, Y. Schrader (German Sport University, Cologne, Germany)
According to the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act, prohormones like DHEA, androstenedione and norandrostenedione are sold as nutritional supplements in the USA. Manufacturers are claiming that these hormone precursors are converted to the active hormone after oral ingestion. Because these prohormones are currently marketed legally in the USA, athletes are using these compounds as an alternative to the illicit anabolic steroids to enhance muscle size and strength and to improve performance……. (omissis)
In conclusion, administration of 4-norandrostenedione and 4-norandrostendiol gives rise to pharmacologically relevant plasma concentrations of unconjugated nandrolone. Considering the results of this study, distribution of these particular prohormones as nutritional supplements as done in the past has been irresponsible.
In fact, these effective nandrolone 2 precursors should be classified as drugs.
So, really do you think many Kenyan athletes know all these infos, therefore they look for some PED, or, arguably, in the situation we have in Kenya, normal persons (including athletes of medium national level without professional managements) can also do some mistakes, possibility that people in LR seem to exclude, making everybody ALWAYS guilty not as practical situation (of course, if there is the substance in their urine they have to be banned), but looking at the precise and specific purpose to enhance their performances, in this way connecting every action with their athletic
This is something I never can accept, and that's the reason because I consider, for example, Coevett as a "persecutor" leaving this out of consideration.
You never try to explain, Always to condemn, making wrong generalizations without knowing and analyzing all the real factors.