Maybe for 1 of the Russians.
A quick look reveals 2 of the Russian medalists tripped the ABP before London 2012, as did 1 of the Turkish.
But, as we know under Diack, there was a delay in enforcement.
According to the wikipedia link given, 1 of the Russians was sanctioned for Turinabol, not for an ABP violation.
casual obsever wrote:
Passport Era Doping wrote:
Some interesting info from London: There were a total of 7 medals (4 gold ) annulled from athletics for hematological anomalies:
The Russian cases were examined retrospectively after the ARD-recordings.
Not even flagged thanks to the huge thresholds that one can drive a bus through (thanks Subway!), but then investigated, banned and their medals annulled. Too funny.