The soleus and gastroc both feed into the achilles, so standing calf raises would stress the achilles tendon equally and likely produce the same training effect.
There was a thread a few years back about eccentric calf raises for achilles injury. Help yourself up with your non exercising foot then slowly lower yourself until you reach max dorsiflexion (until your heel has dropped as far as it will go)
If you do this with your knee slightly bent, it will engage the soleus more than if you you do it with a straight leg. Any exercise with the knee slightly bent (or even bent up to 90 degrees) will engage the soleus to a greater extent than the gastroc.
As I was typing my previous post, it occurred to me that injury comes when a muscle is over stressed. So, if you are worried about injuring your soleus and do a bunch of soleus exercise in addition to heavy training, you are more likely to injure your soleus.
My philosophy on cross training/injury prevention is that it should support your normal training. If, in an attempt to strengthen a muscle, you fatigue it so much that it fails, then you are defeating the purpose. With my athletes, we do the majority of our harder strength/stability work early in the training cycle when the running volume is low. As volume ramps up, the strength/stability stuff becomes only supplementary.