ASSISTANCE TO ATHLETES
1. Competition under these Rules consists of self-propelled motion without
assistance, except as defined by the Rules of Competition of a specific
NOTE: For rules covering disabled-only competitions see the SPECIAL
SECTION beginning on page 219.
2. Except as provided in road races (Rule 241) and in long distance walking
events (Rule 232), during the progress of an event a competitor who has
received any assistance whatsoever may be disqualified by the Referee.
â€œAssistanceâ€ is the conveying of advice, information or direct help to an
athlete by any means, including a technical device.
3. The following shall be considered assistance:
(a) Pacing in running or walking events by persons not participating in the event,
by competitors lapped or about to be lapped, or by any kind of technical
device other than those permitted under Rule 144.3i.
(b) The visible possession or use by athletes of video, audio, or communications
devices in the competition area. The Games Committee for an LDR event
may allow the use of portable listening devices not capable of receiving
communication; however, those competing in championships for awards,
medals, or prize money may not use such devices.
(c) The use of any technology or appliance that provides the user with an unfair
advantage which would not have been obtainable using equipment
complying with the Rules.
NOTE: Shoes complying with Rule 143 are permitted.
The following shall not be considered assistance:
(d) Verbal or other communication, without the use of any technical device, from an individual who is not in the competition area to an athlete who is in the
competition area. In order to facilitate this communication and not to disturb
the staging of the competition, it is recommended that a place in the stands,
close to the immediate site of each field event, be reserved for the
(e) Physiotherapy and/or medical treatment necessary to enable an athlete to
participate, or continue participation once in the competition area, may be
provided by members of the official medical staff appointed by the Games
Committee and clearly identified as such. Accredited team medical
personnel approved by the Meet Doctor specifically for this purpose may be
permitted in the medical treatment area outside the competition area. In
neither case shall the intervention delay the conduct of the competition or a
competitorâ€™s trial in the designated order.
(f) Medical personnel authorized by the Games Committee or Referee to do so
may perform a hands-on medical examination during the progress of an
event for any athlete who appears in distress. If in their opinion it is in the
best interest of the athleteâ€™s health and welfare, they may remove the athlete
from the competition.
(g) Any kind of personal safeguard (i.e., bandage, tape, belt, support, etc.) for
medical purposes. The Referee shall have the authority to verify any case
should that be desired.
(h) Pace setting by an officially designated person entered in an event for that
purpose is permitted, provided such pacesetters start in the event.
(i) Carrying orwearing articles of personal equipment such aswrist chronometers
and heart rate monitors, speed distance monitors or stride sensors provided
that such device cannot be used to communicate with any other person.
4. In a track event, any competitor competing to lose or to coach another
competitor shall forfeit the right to be in the competition and shall
5. In a field event, an athlete may not leave the immediate area of the event and
engage in dialogue with persons outside the area.
NOTE: Athletes competing in an event on the infield may not, during the
competition, cross to the outside of the track.
6. Any athlete giving or receiving assistance during any event other than
permitted in Rule 144.3 must be cautioned by the Referee and warned that
for any repetition, he or she will be disqualified from that event. If such
disqualification occurs, any performance accomplished up to that time in the
same event session shall notbe consideredvalid.Performances accomplished
in any previous event session, such as a qualifying round, shall stand.
NOTE 1: For Youth Athletics exception, see Rule 302.5(k).
NOTE 2: Information conveyed to an athlete by an official is not considered
assistance provided such information is made available to all athletes.
7. Intermediate times and preliminary winning times may be officially announced
and/or displayed. Otherwise such times must not be communicated to the
athletes by persons in the competition area without the prior approval of the
Referee. This permission shall only be given when there are no time displays
visible to athletes at the relevant point and in circumstances where such
times will be provided to all athletes in the race.
8. No attendant or competitor who is not actually taking part in the competition
shall accompany any competitor on the mark or in the competition, nor shall
any competitor be allowed, without the permission of the Referee or Judges,
to receive assistance or refreshment from anyone during the progress of the
competition, except as provided by Rules 144.3(b), 144.9, 232, or 241.
9. During hot weather the meet organizers may furnish competitors with water
and sponging stations in races of 5000 Meters and longer on the track and
in off-track events. See Rules 232 and 241.