The suspension seems to end tomorrow, so AIU will probably tweet about it then. Both athletes were given a reduced sanction due to voluntarily admitting to the violation and will be eligible from June 1. The main two questions:
i) The prohibited method is understood to have been “'an iv infusion' above the allowable limit in an impermissible setting”. But what would the substance be, and what are the benefits of this method? Is it commonplace? Did they actually use the method or did they voluntarily go to AIU about it before attempting?
ii) They both have the same coach, Tonja Buford-Bailey. Was this an issue within their camp or just something these two were caught up in?
The substance is saline solution. The benefits are essentially optimal hydration, like to a level you can't quite get to by just drinking water, sports drinks, etc.
I remember being at NXN in 2017 I believe it was and the girls team that won was saying how one of their top runners had gone to the hospital the night before due to being sick, but they wanted to go so she could get an iv. Everyone cheered them on like "oh wow, you're so brave, so courageous." But her took her from being sick af to topped off enough to run like she was totally healthy.
Of course I was one of the very few in the crowd just shaking my head thing, "y'all realize they are admitting to using a prohibited method?" Kinda comical, ironic, whatever. I don't really care, but I do know the rules we hold our professionals to that "in the real world" nobody even cares about.
As the saying goes, "there is doping and then there is DOPING." The latter of which is the stuff that really works; testosterone and epo or substances/methods that mimic their effects. A saline iv literally increases one's health and vitality without having some negative feedback loop effect on the endocrine system. If you have the opportunity to get one, I'd recommend it.
Essentially because it makes the risk of doping much higher. For instance, a coach with less than pure intentions could tell their athlete to take an iv that appears to be a simple saline solution, but other things could be in it.
We also don't want athletes to feel as if they need to get an IV to keep up with their peers who are using IVs.
It can also be used to conceal blood doping by bringing the hematocrit levels down to a more natural level. For instance, you use epo or get a few units of blood infused and your hematocrit is now in the 50+% range. Now you infuse a unit or two of saline and voila back under 50% and not setting off any preliminary alarms when the vampires come to test.
Also a matter of protecting athletes who are brazen enough to give themselves an IV while sitting in their hotel room the night before a race. It's not extremely difficult, but it's also not unheard of for unqualified athletes/people to give themselves an IV and end up with an infection or potential issues at the site where they were digging around trying to find a vein.
At one point WADA said they could detect the microplastics or something like that released from bags and that would let them know someone was using an IV, though the actual substance being infused wouldn't necessarily be known meaning it could be saline solution, a unit of blood or something else altogether.