After I took a look at the World Athletics Stats Zone in responding to a post last week on superspikes, I decided to do a deeper look at how the superspikes benefit runners at different events and therefore different paces. I looked at the 1000th performer on the male world lists for each year from 2012 to 2022. I found the data that deep into the world list is stable, much more so than the top 10/20 or naming a single runner (those citing only Jakob Ingebrigtsen's 1500 performances to say superspikes don't work).
2012-2018 are before superspikes. In 2019, superspikes were limited prototypes, so they made no impression at the 1000th performer level. 2020 was the covid year. 2021 superspikes were widespread, but not every brand had them, so some pros used non-sponsor brands (disguised or not) and some probably had slow spikes. 2022 was obviously more superspike saturated with brands (maybe not Hoka? since they just came out with one apparently).
1000th fastest outdoor male 5000m performer (the performers' names don't matter, just there so you can check at the World Athletics site if you don't believe me)
2012 14:13.02 Takashi ICHIDA
2013 14:15.87 Hanle ABRHA
2014 14:13.68 Hongliang LIU
2015 14:10.8h Abraham KIBIWOT
2016 14:09.30 Kenzo KAWABATA
2017 14:12.12 Jinnosuke MATUMURA
2018 14:12.21 Isaac KIPTUM
2019 14:09.56 Kiyoto SUZUKI
2020 14:15.20 Valentin GONDOUIN
2021 13:58.91 Jake RITTER
2022 13:57.20 James MANISCALCO
The before superspike years ranged from 14:09-14:15, average 14:12.4 (68.2 per 400). Then there's a step change that can only be explained by superspikes to 13:58, then 13:57 (67.0 per 400) as superspikes became more saturated in the field. 15 seconds! That's 1.2 seconds per lap at 68 second 400 pace.