Interesting thread! I was thinking maybe it would be coaching theory and training schedules but is perhaps equally interesting...
Here's what has struck me as true:
Economics matters. A lot. I know about this district from non-running sources, and it is wealthy. The working class struggles in many ways and the truly poor have a lot on their minds besides sports. This is more significant than you might realize if you're comfortable yourself.
Aris has access to the kids in 2 ways HS coaches usually don't, as far as I can tell. He finds them a few years before they're evn at the school, and he has year-round access. This breaks rules of the State HS Athletics Association (or whatever it's called in your State) in many places, perhaps including NY. If these out-of-season practices are not officially school related but are organized by Aris' club, then it's probably OK. 'Legal' or not, this has to make a difference.
I have 2 ideas not being discussed. First, we know that the school/school district/State school board does sponsor and sanction a team. This team is welcome at the State federation's events including State Championships but not at NXN. A team attending the Nike event is not officially school-sanctioned or -affiliated and the district/States insurance does not cover anyone or anything involved. They don't even wear the school-purchased uniforms.
Does anyone know if the actual school team and the club team are one and the same? Does Aris put runners on the team being sent to NXN who either don't live in the F-M school district, do but don't run for the school team, have graduated, etc? Is it an all-star team assembled for 2 races a year, the NX qualifier, and the Nationals?
It is certainly possible that everyone wearing Aris' club jersey a) attends F-M High, b) has the grades and disciplinary status to participate in school-sponsored sports, and c) actually went over to the table and signed up in August or whenever. I don't find it unbelievable, however, that this is not the case.
A possible limitation would be Nike's age requirements, if any. We often see 18 and occasionally 19 year olds claiming high school sub-4s, etc. My friends and I put together a team to compete in the High School division of a road relay. We only had our friends to choose from but the school did not know (and would not have been amused if it had) nor regulate any part of the process. We could have recruited anyone young enough looking to not raise any suspicion. Just an idea. There may or may not be anything to this theory.
Remarkably, the MB has not really considered drugs. Not illegal drugs necessarily, but legal ones like EPO which are common in US hospitals and not, as far as I'm aware, against Nike's rules. Some of you may point out that none of the athletes in question has ever failed a grug test, but does anyone have evidence of them passing a test either? Testing is rare and non-existant for those of us not belonging to USATF or a similar organization. IAAF, UCI, et al give WADA the authority to test athletes belonging to member federations, and such member federation give USADA and it's foreign analogs the same authority over their respective memberships.
If you have nothing to do with IAAF or USATF, I don't even know how to go about getting tested. I've certainly never seen a booth at the end of a race. NXN is no exception. We may not know whether Aris condones activity some view as unsportsmanlike or unethical. But the facts overwhelmingly suggest the following: we don't know that he doesn't. Could this be one of the answers to a question that coincidence and probability have a difficult time explaining? Maybe. Maybe not.