I'm tired to explain again (what I already did one hundred times) my position about this research.
1) I NEVER said EPO doesn't work on Kenyan. Kenyan people is like every other people, they don't have a different physiology, so it's clear that, with KENYAN PERSONS, EPO works in the same way than in all other people. So, putting as reason of the research (that is what WADA did) the fact that "CANOVA says EPO doesn't work for Kenyans" is a wrong statement, that I NEVER did.
2) What I said at the time of the research (that is more than 5 years old) is that "EPO DOESN'T WORK FOR TOP ATHLETES BORN, LIVING AND TRAINING IN ALTITUDE, USING PROPER TRAINING".
3) I changed this assertion last year, after coaching the Norwegian athletes SONDRE MOEN to beat the European Record in Marathon (2:05'48"), coming from 2:12 of previous PB, AFTER 270 days of altitude during 2017 (including Kenya in Iten, Italy in Sestriere and Switzerland in St. Moritz). Now, my assertion is that "EPO DOESN'T WORK FOR TOP ATHLETES LIVING AND TRAINING IN ALTITUDE FOR LONG CONTINUOUS PERIODS, IF THEY USE PROPER TRAINING".
4) In my position, the 2 most important factors are ALTITUDE and TRAINING.
5) The research doesn't have, as subjects, any athlete belonging to the category I consider in my statement.
The runners of the research had a test of 3000m before taking EPO. The average for Kenyans was 9'35", for Scottish 11'.
If we look at Kenyans with 9'35" average, THESE ARE NOT ATHLETES, but normal people going to jog maybe 3 times per week.
I explain one anecdote. In 2013, a group of Polish amateurs living for 3 weeks in the High Altitude Training Camp of Lornah Kiplagat, before going back home, organized a competition of 3000m on the track of Kamarin, giving prizes (from their oen pocket) of about 70 USD (the winner), 50 USD (the 2nd) and 30 USD (the 3rd), That competition was open to all boys under 19 years, without coach and management. The participants were 66. The winner (who they introduced to me) ran 8'16", and 4 months later won bronze medal in World Youth Championships with 3'39" in 1500m (Titus Kibyego Kipruto). In the total field, 56 ran under 9', and all under 9'10".
This means that, for finding 20 Kenyans with average 9'35", YOU HAVE TO LOOK FOR BOYS NOT RUNNING, in other words boys WITHOUT any training.
To say that these runners were "WELL TRAINED" is, therefore, a big bullshit, and clearly shows that the authors of the study DIDN'T KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT TRAINING.
6) In the research, is not detailed the training they did during the month of EPO administration, This means that the authors didn't give ANY IMPORTANCE to the training of the runners.
7) After one month of administration, the technical results became better : for the Kenyans became a little bit faster than 9' (around 8'55", if I well remember), and the results of Scottish around 10'30". At the same time, the level of Hgb and Hct of Kenyans raised of about 10%, while the level of Scottish about 17%,
8) Looking at the level of the runners BEFORE starting the administration, the improvement doesn't mean anything. In fact, it's clear that, WITHOUT ANY EPO, but with a well structured training program, boys running 9'35" without training can run, in one month, faster than 8'55", and boys running at sea level around 11' can easily run under 10'30".
This means that what they could demonstrate is that WITH EPO AND LITTLE TRAINING WE CAN REACH THE SAME RESULTS THAT WE CAN ACHIEVE WITH BETTER TRAINING ONLY.
9) The authors don't have any idea about WHAT THE TRAINING OF TOP ATHLETES IS, and consequently don't have any idea about the EFFECTS OF TOP TRAINING ON THE PHYSIOLOGY OF THE ATHLETES.
I give here some example :
1) In top athletes, with PROPER AEROBIC TRAINING (that the scientists absolutely don't know, and NEVER went to study), the total volume of blood can increase of 25% (while in the "official" books of physiology the limit is about 10%). This means more than 1.5 liter of blood, increasing the ability to transport Oxygen WHILE at the same time THE HCT GOES DOWN.
2) Because of the low viscosity, the VELOCITY of BLOOD CIRCULATION is faster. This means that, when we speak about the BLOOD OF THE VEINS, which has the task to remove and transport the products of "waste" the muscle fibers produce in higher quantity, AND THIS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR WHEN WE LOOK AT LONG DISTANCES AROUND THE LACTIC THRESHOLD OR UNDER THE LT LIKE THE MARATHON.
3) The heart rate between somebody taking EPO and athletes using clean training is different : in the case of athletes taking EPO is about 10% lower, and the heart has to do higher effort pur pumping the same quantity of blood.
4) Increasing the viscosity with EPO, the athlete is not able to increase his total volume of blood of the same percentage, losing a part of the advantage connected with the natural increase of plasma.
5) The increased percentage of plasma increases the affinity between Hb and Oxygen, so the athlete (who is a "responder")is able to take MORE Oxygen from the atmosphere (and this is probably the most important advantage of the training in altitude).
There is the WRONG idea that every time, increasing the Hct, the athlete can automatically run faster. The level of Hct are EFFECT of training, and not the CAUSE of the result. If we work with training only, we test the athletes 3-4 times per year, and we put in connection their Hct and their Hb with the results, we see that, IMPROVING THE PERFORMANCES, the Hct goes down. So, we can say that there is an OPTIMAL INDIVIDUAL RANGE of Hct and Hb for everybody, and, of course, when an athlete is able to compete at the HIGHER PERSONAL LEVEL he can run better than when his level is lower, BIT IT'S NOT TRUE THAT, IF HE OVERTAKE HIS OPTIMAL LEVEL, HE CAN RUN FASTER.
For example, an athlete can have a level between 41 and 43. When is not in training, maybe can reach 45. With training, his level starts to go down till 41. At this point, increasing the modulation of the intensity in his training, and giving more room to the recovery, his Hct goes up till 43, and this is his value for the top shape.
If we bring him near 50 giving EPO, he can't run faster (when we speak about distances requiring long duration), while it's not clear the effect in short distances (for example, 1500m).
Conclusion : The research doesn't mean anything, and is not able to demonstrate anything about the effect with top runners training in altitude.
People need to understand that top runners have several differences with normal athletes :
1) More natural talent (the question is : which is the difference between somebody who can run fast and the average people ? Which is the "physiological talent" that makes runners so different one from another ?)
2) More volume of training (due to the stronger motivation, because they can reach top results moving to a professional level that can change their life)
3) More intensity in training (see the above reason)
The last two factors produce deep modifications in the individual physiology, while less volume and less intensity produce little modifications, giving room to the effects of EPO for aerobic improvements.
It's like two different car, one is a City car, another is a Formula One. We can have a big room of improvements of the prformances of the City car using some specific manipulation with very expert mechanics, the other has a pool of engineers, specialists of aerodynamic, specialists of the materials, etc... who work all together for having an increment of 2/1000 of second in a loop of 6 km. The first car is very far from the limit, the second is already at its limits. The City car is the amateur of the athlete of medium level, the F. 1 is the top athlete already using full training at the highest level. For him, there is no room of improvement using EPO.
And now I hope that in the future I never have to speak again about what I said, and this stupid research that could only demonstrate what everybody knows : EPO WORKS WITH EVERYBODY IF NOT TRAINED OR LITTLE TRAINED, and these subjects have nothing to do with the top elite runners in the World.