"Steroid OOC testing was introduced in 1988, and EPO OOC testing was introduced in 2002.
I didn't find a 2009 report, but I did find a 2008 and a 2007 "IAAF Out-of-Competition Anti-Doping Programme
List of Tested Athletes" which includes many Kenyan, Ethiopian and Jamaican athletes.
So which are these countries with absolutely no OOC testing at all? "
Conova 2.0 it is very clear how it works in these countries up til very recent and still is . media just goes quite ,same old .
difference between actually doing something rather than pretending to.
we have some athletes that were tested once after being notified long in advance and what is this going to achieve
only if athlete is stupid and the kenyan federation backed by nike will take care of any mishap's .
HOW long did this so called testing go on for until a year or two ago and still case in ethiopia .
assuming so as just never hear the follow up , just goes quite and get usual excuses of lack of funds or infrastructure , blah blah
achieves very little catches the odd one ,as does federation letting some take a hit .
and stops some athletes being super doped similarly when get tested during track season elsewhere.
obvious the tactics being used and doping is still king .